Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA)

Employer/Departmental/HR Rep Responsibilities
Employee Eligibility
Qualifying Reasons for FMLA Absence
FMLA Overuse of Approved Intermittent Absence

The Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is a federal law that provides eligible employees up to 12 weeks of leave each calendar year (26 weeks for military family member injury) for events of:

  • the employee’s own serious health condition;
  • the birth and first year care of the employee’s child;
  • the adoption or foster placement of a child in the employee’s home;
  • the care of a spouse, child, or parent with a serious health condition;
  • exigency leave for family members to handle matters related to deployment of service members of the Armed Forces; and
  • leave for family members to care for service members of the Armed Forces who have been injured during active duty.

Absence from work may be a continuous leave, a reduced schedule, or intermittent.

Payment during FMLA absence: FMLA is absence protection, not necessarily paid absence from work. Paid leave accruals are applied concurrently with FMLA when both are available. To be paid during FMLA, employees must have sick leave, vacation, or comp time available, as applicable. When FMLA and unpaid medical leave overlap, refer to the Unpaid Medical Leave section for more information.

Back to Types of Paid Health-Related Leave

FMLA Toolbox

Check out this interactive FMLA video tutorial.